Sert, José Luis

Sert, José Luis
b. 1902, Barcelona; d. 1983, Barcelona
   Architect
   After qualifying in 1928 Sert left Barcelona for Paris to work with Le Corbusier until 1930, an experience which was to leave its mark on his professional career. On returning to Spain he helped to found GATEPAC, an organization of creative artists who wanted to establish in Spain the avant-garde ideas already being developed in Europe by the Bauhaus school in Germany or by Le Corbusier in France. When he came back to Barcelona he became immersed in the intellectual ferment stimulated by the liberal climate of the Second Republic (1931–9), and was resolutely opposed to any return to historic styles. He evolved an idiom which combined elements of Mediterranean tradition, forms of construction rooted in Catalan culture, and avant-garde elements imported from Europe. Among the works of this period are the Dispensari Central Antituberculós (Central Anti-Tuberculosis Dispensary, with Torres i Clave) (1935) and the Casa Bloc (1934–6) which display both a revival of architectural form and a use of new techniques. In 1937, a year after the start of the Civil War, Sert designed and constructed (with Luis Lacasa) the Spanish Republic's Pavilion at the
   International Exhibition in Paris. Exteriors and interiors alternated along the route through the Pavilion where the works of Picasso (Guernica), Julio González, Juan Miró and Calder were displayed. This project was in a sense his artistic manifesto, and he was to take up and develop the architectural themes of the Pavilion in some of his best-known later works.
   After the Civil War he went into exile in the United States, and in 1945 he founded, in New York, Town Planning Associates, a firm which specialized in large urbanization projects in Latin America. He was also one of the most active members of the CIAM (International Congress of Modern Architecture), an organization which had been the inspiration for GATEPAC in Spain. He was appointed President of CIAM from 1947 to 1956, and remained a very committed member until its dissolution in 1959. In 1953 he succeeded Walter Gropius as Dean of the School of Architecture at Harvard, a position he held until his retirement in 1968. He also worked in his own practice in partnership with Jackson and Gourley, and from the late 1950s he was regarded as one of the best architects in the US. He constantly strove in his buildings to harmonize the public and private spheres, and to achieve continuity between exteriors and interiors, often through very sensitive placing of light sources. Among his best known American achievements are the US Embassy in Baghdad (1955–60), Holyoke Center (Harvard, 1958–65) and the Welfare Island Housing Project (New York, 1971). After designing Miro's house-cum-studio la Mallorca (1955), Sert reactivated his links with Europe. Among the prestigious projects that followed, the best-known are the Fondation Maeght (Saint Paul de Vence, 1959–64) and the Miró Foundation (Barcelona, 1972–5). Towards the end of his life he returned to Barcelona, where he was showered with honours and awarded the highest distinctions.
   Further reading
   - Freixa, J. (1979) José Luis Sert, Barcelona: Gili.
   - Zevi, B. (1976) Sert's Architecture in the Miró Foundation, Barcelona: Polígrafa.
   MIHAIL MOLDOVEANU

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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  • Sert, José Luis — catalán Josep Lluís Sert i López (1 jul. 1902, Barcelona, España–15 mar. 1983, Barcelona). Arquitecto estadounidense nacido en España. Después de graduarse en la escuela de arquitectura de Barcelona, trabajó con Le Corbusier en París. Diseñó por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sert, José Luis — Catalan Josep Lluís Sert i Lopéz born July 1, 1902, Barcelona, Spain died March 15, 1983, Barcelona Spanish born U.S. architect. After graduating from Barcelona s School of Architecture, he worked with Le Corbusier in Paris. On his own, he… …   Universalium

  • Jose Luis Sert — Science Centers der Harvard University, entworfen von Josep Lluís Sert Fundación Miró Josep Lluís Sert i López (* 1. Juli 1902 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Luis Sert — Science Centers der Harvard University, entworfen von Josep Lluís Sert Fundación Miró Josep Lluís Sert i López (* 1. Juli 1902 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jose Luis Sert — Josep Lluís Sert Fichier:Fondation Maeght outside 2.jpg Fondation Maeght Josep Lluís Sert (Barcelone, 1902 Barcelone, 1983) est un architecte et urbaniste catalan. Biographie Colllaborateur de Le Corbusier, il s inspire de l avant garde… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Luis Sert — Josep Lluís Sert Fichier:Fondation Maeght outside 2.jpg Fondation Maeght Josep Lluís Sert (Barcelone, 1902 Barcelone, 1983) est un architecte et urbaniste catalan. Biographie Colllaborateur de Le Corbusier, il s inspire de l avant garde… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José — José, Josefa n. p. Nombre de persona. ⇒ Pepe, a; Pepito, a. V. «¡Jesús, María y José!, vara de San José». * * * José. □ V. Patrocinio de San José. * * * (Este artículo es sobre José, hijo de Jacob, para información sobre el padre putativo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SERT (J. L.) — SERT JOSÉ LUIS (1902 1983) Architecte et urbaniste d’origine espagnole fixé aux États Unis depuis 1939. Sert fait ses études à l’école supérieure d’architecture de Barcelone, puis travaille (1929 1930) dans l’atelier de Le Corbusier, dont il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luis — (De Luis xiii, rey francés.) ► sustantivo masculino HISTORIA Moneda francesa de oro usada en el siglo xvii. * * * luis m. *Moneda francesa de oro antigua con la efigie de Luis XIII o sus sucesores. ⊚ Moneda francesa más moderna, equivalente a 20… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José — (as used in expressions) Andrada e Silva José Bonifácio de José Bonifácio Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Artigas José Gervasio Batlle y Ordóñez José Capablanca José Raúl Cela Trulock Camilo José Eça de Queirós José Maria de José Maria de Eça de… …   Universalium

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